In pursuit of the perfect train design

Source: RTM Oct/Nov 16

Adrian Shooter, chair of Vivarail and former chair of Chiltern Railways, discusses the impracticality of creating a train that suits everyone’s needs, and the design the company has adopted for the Class 230 on the Coventry to Nuneaton line.

Every rail passenger has an ideal layout in their mind that would suit them and their journey, and it’s a perpetual grievance that this train does not exist. 

Of course, for practical reasons, this train cannot exist. For example, if you’re a daily commuter who works on the train: you want seats aplenty; if you’re a parent on a shopping trip: you want space for the buggy and bags; and if you use a wheelchair: you need a toilet that can accommodate you. And the list goes on. 

So how can operators deal with this and provide a train that answers as many needs as possible within the cost constraints we all deal with? 

Improving refurbishment 

We know that refurbished trains can have an immediate impact on passenger satisfaction levels. Talented industry designers have spent years studying passenger needs and trying to accommodate as many as possible within their layouts.  

One of the key considerations in our Class 230 build has been to enable that to happen. The beauty of the train is that once the existing seats are removed, a blank canvass exists to put in the most suitable arrangements. You may say that this is the case for every new train, and of course it is. But with the Class 230 the bodyshell already exists, so costs can be kept to a minimum. Working with the Creactive Design Ltd team, Vivarail has identified three key layouts that operators can ‘pick and mix’ for best effect. 

City Centre Seat Bay and saloon edit

Layout options 

Our City train retains the existing layout, for the very simple reason that what’s the point of changing something that works? LUL has unparalleled experience in moving large quantities of people in as quick a time as possible (and, as an added bonus, they also designed extremely comfortable seats!). For swift transit, this train, with its grab poles and overhead hand grips, is ideal.  

Longer journeys moving people from the outskirts into a city may best suit the Commuter layout. These trains carry fewer people but provide more seating and vestibule space for bikes.   

And for rural or branch line services, the Country layout comes with tables, multi-purpose areas for buggies and bikes, plenty of wheelchair space – not to mention the picture windows to enjoy the view. 

Neil Bates, Vivarail’s design director, said: “When we started on the Class 230 project we knew that we didn’t want to be prescriptive. My own rationale is to find out what passengers really want. 

“For example, I’ve put seat bays in stations for people to rate for comfort – I’ve even filmed them to see how much they fidget and twist to get comfortable.

“I’ve frequently found that what people think is best is not actually the case. The Class 230 is a great example of that – when we first started out everyone was adamant that new seats were the way forward. Then when we reupholstered, the originals opinions changed and people began to comment how pleasant they were to sit on. So by covering with new moquette and adding in a head rest we have totally transformed the look without affecting the quality!” 

Coventry to Nuneaton line 

The Class 230 will be in service later this year on the Coventry to Nuneaton line. The two driving cars will retain the original seats and layout, but the middle car has been designed to showcase other possible designs.

I’m very much looking forward to hearing what people think. The train will be running for the next 12 months, so there will be plenty of time to really judge what suits best for different types of journey. This will give us great feedback to share with operators who want to choose the best for their own lines. 

It may not be possible to design the ‘perfect’ train, but the Class 230 is going to come pretty close.



© Alstom/Michael Wittwer


Tony Pattison   22/11/2016 at 19:55

I think they are very nice - comfortable seats and large windows - a great improvement on the Class150s with their very prro window design and unappealing interiors!

James Miller   22/11/2016 at 20:06

In the summer, I rode a D78 train to pminster on a pleasant sunny day. It wasn't the normal experience you get with something like a Class 313 of a similar vintage. If Vivarail can maintain that ambience,, we may be seeing an unusual success.

Bob Price   23/11/2016 at 12:55

Imagine one of these with seats facing the windows running up the S&C as a tourist train. Buffet available and large picture windows.

Andrew Mckinley   05/12/2016 at 19:10

Personally I feel that the current arrangement works fine. The CGI pictures have suggested blocking the doors with seats. I believe that this is just impractical as it only leaves 2 doors per carriage. I think that the TFL seating arrangement is the best as it is comfortable for long distances (I know because i travelled on a D78 from Ealing Broadway to Upminster once) but also versatile enough to be used on stopping services. Maybe a toilet and some baggage racks will have to be added but apart from that, its good.

John L Thornton   02/01/2017 at 00:54

Please remember that wheelchair users don't just need accessible toilets. We need access to buffet cars and counters. Some of us, believe it or not, have families (even children!!!) and need to travel WITH them. That means not putting the (one?) Wheelchair space in isolation, away from other passengers. It ain't rocket science but it's amazing how ignorant transport designers are when it comes to accessibility.

Add your comment

rail technology magazine tv

more videos >

latest rail news

View all News

rail industry focus

Versatile coating system enhances Indestructible Paint rail industry role

12/08/2020Versatile coating system enhances Indestructible Paint rail industry role

A highly versatile and robust epoxy coating s... more >
Network Rail partners with Cycling UK for new initiative

03/08/2020Network Rail partners with Cycling UK for new initiative

Network Rail and Cycling UK have launched a p... more >

editor's comment

23/01/2018Out with the old...

Despite a few disappointing policy announcements, especially for the electrification aficionados amongst us, 2017 was, like Darren Caplan writes on page 20, a year generally marked by positive news for the rail industry. We polished off the iconic Ordsall Chord (p32), hit some solid milestones on Thameslink (p40), progressed on ambitious rolling stock orders (p16), and finally started moving forward on HS2 (p14) ‒ paving the way for a New Year with brand-new infrastructrure to... read more >

last word

Encouraging youngsters to be safe on the railway

Encouraging youngsters to be safe on the railway

This summer, Arriva Group's CrossCountry and the Scout Association joined to launch a new partnership to promote rail safety among young people. Chris Leech MBE, business community manager at the TOC, gives RTM an update on the innovative scheme. Recognising that young people are more likely to take a risk trespassing on railway tracks, C... more > more last word articles >

'the sleepers' daily blog

On the right track, Sulzer is awarded RISAS accreditation for Nottingham Service Centre

29/06/2020On the right track, Sulzer is awarded RISAS accreditation for Nottingham Service Centre

Following an independent audit, Sulzer’s Nottingham Service Centre has been accepted as part of the rail industry supplier approval scheme (RISAS). The accreditation reinforces the high-quality standards that are maintained by Sulzer’s network of independent repair facilities across the UK and further afield in its global network. ... more >
read more blog posts from 'the sleeper' >


Andrew Haines, CE of Network Rail, tells BBC News his organisation could issue future rail franchises

24/06/2019Andrew Haines, CE of Network Rail, tells BBC News his organisation could issue future rail franchises

Andrew Haines, the Chief Executive of Network Rail, has told the Today programme on Radio 4's BBC’s flagship news programme that he wo... more >
Advancing the rail industry with management degree apprenticeships

08/05/2019Advancing the rail industry with management degree apprenticeships

In answering the pressing questions of how current and future generations of managers can provide solutions to high-profile infrastructure projec... more >
Women in rail - is the industry on the right track?

12/03/2019Women in rail - is the industry on the right track?

RTM sits down with Samantha Smith, sole female member of the TransPennine Route Upgrade Alliance Leadership Team, to find out more about encourag... more >
TfN Strategic Transport Plan: not just for transport's sake

22/01/2019TfN Strategic Transport Plan: not just for transport's sake

Peter Molyneux, Transport for the North’s (TfN’s) strategic roads director, has been leading on the development of the seven economic... more >